Finding The Fun Behind Noodles

Before I could start the post for today, I would like to know how many of you are hard-core fans of noodles and pasta? 

I am sure almost all are nodding your heads except a few. 

Let us know the technology behind the food that attracts all your cutie pies at home.  

Extrusion cooking is a thermo mechanical process, that happens through the application of mechanical shear, heat, and pressure to the dough that gives desirable shape and texture to your extruded product. 

The process of extrusion happens inside an extruder

It has three sections. 

1. Feed section 2. Compression section 3. Metering section 

   There are three stages in processing.

  1. The preconditioned food is fed at one end of a tubular structure housing a screw, that transforms it into a semi-solid mass.
  2. The solid mass forced through a die at the discharge end of the screw gives the desired shape.
  3. The food expands due to moisture in it.

There are two main types of extruders. 

  1. Single screw extruder 
  2. Twin-screw extruder

Parameters that affect the extrusion process 

  1. Screw speed
  2. Barrel temperature
  3. Screw barrel configuration
  4. Die opening 
  5. Feed rate

Components of extruder

sorry, if this section sounds like your science class this is written for the benefit of food engineering students so please bear with me – Siva

Application :

  1. Wide range of products like noodles, pasta, ready to eat snacks, breakfast cereals, texturized vegetable protein or soya chunks and meat analogues, pet foods.
  2. It is a cost-efficient process and reduces cooking time.

Around the world with food technology

World’s healthiest noodles are Kelp noodles made of edible seaweed without the addition of grain flour or starch.

Antioxidants for health 

Colourful vegetables like carrot, capsicum, and cabbage are rich sources of antioxidants that can help you stay at the pink of your health. The colourful pigments make them the healthiest choice of food. Whenever you eat noodles include all the 5Cs.

  1. carrot 
  2. capsicum
  3. cabbage
  4. cheese 
  5. curry and coriander leaves  

Extrusion for life 

It is fine to be stressed sometimes due to the pressure we live through, but see that you become more energetic, attractive, loving when you overcome your troubles just like noodles and pasta.  

An interesting piece of information 

Myth

Noodles are the unhealthiest food on earth. 

Truth

Instant noodles provide iron, vitamins, and manganese but lack protein and fiber. MSG or monosodium glutamate can hurt health so as far as you avoid the tastemaker it is the same as a bowl of rice. 

Myth

Pasta is carbohydrate-rich.

Truth 

Pasta is a good way to get a little extra protein into your diet. 

one cup of cooked spaghetti can provide 8 grams of protein. 

Everyday Energy

Freeze-drying is a dehydration process used to preserve food for a long time, without loss of nutrients. The natural texture, color, and flavor of the food are retained. 

The freeze-drying process has three stages 

  1. Freezing 
  2. Sublimation drying or Primary drying 
  3. Desorption drying or Secondary drying 

During freezing, the water in the food is completely frozen and the ice thus formed undergoes sublimation (it is the direct transition of ice to vapor state without melting) due to reduced pressure, a mild increase in temperature. 

In secondary drying, the temperature is gradually increased to remove almost all the water present in the food. 

About 95% of the water in the food is removed, during freeze-drying making it a reliable process for food preservation.  

Components of a freeze-drying system

Application: Space foods, military rations, coffee, fruit juices, seafood, eggs, and dairy products.

Around the world with food technology 

Several food companies around the world provide a great variety of freeze-dried meals that can be of great help during an emergency, and the best part is you don’t have to compromise on nutrition or taste. 

Antioxidants for health 

Your coffee is filled with antioxidants that can make you active and healthy at the same time. Polyphenols in coffee are responsible for various health benefits. 

One cup of coffee a day is just perfect. 

 A recipe of beaten coffee 

3/4 -Tablespoon of instant coffee. 

2 – Tablespoon of brown sugar. 

1 & 1/2 – Tablespoon of water. 

Beat with a fork until your coffee mixture becomes fluffy and light brown, this may take around five minutes. Add a cup of hot milk, stir and enjoy.

Freeze-drying for life 

To solve any problem in life, it is very important to completely cool down and take control of your emotions and think about the problem from different perspectives so that you can solve it yourself without any stress.

An interesting piece of information

Astronaut ice cream is a freeze-dried product and their meals are also freeze-dried because these foods have a great shelf life, with a big no to microbial spoilage owing to the least amount of water content in them. 

Discover A Treat Within đŸ˜Š

Have you ever thought of the journey of sugar cane inside the factory?

Join me to explore how you get your everyday sweetener that adds sweetness to your dishes and happiness to your lives. 

cane carrier or conveyor is the is the moving apron which conveys the cane into the factory. Cutting and leveling of cane is done by cane leveller which has a set of cane knives, and the shredded cane is sent through a series of crushing mills. Juice is extracted and clarified by addition of lime and sulphur dioxide .

The clarified juice is filtered and sent to the multiple effect evaporator where juice is boiled under vacuum and water from sugar solution evaporates and further concentration of syrup happens in the vacuum pan where initial crystallization begins and finally crystallization ends in the crystallizer. The sugar crystals are separated from the syrup by centrifugation, sugar is dried and transferred to bulk storage bins.

Applications

  1.  Sugar is added to medicine as a preservative and antioxidant.
  2. As we all know is a cure to hiccups.
  3. It can soothe bee stings and bug bites when mixed with water and applied to the affected area.  
  4. Relives tongue burn that happens when you eat food that is too hot.
  5. Helps soothe the sour throat  
  6. In cosmetics, sugar is used as an exfoliator and also an excellent natural lip scrub. 
  7. Sugar serves as an integral part of our food since age-old times.
  8. Baked, Confectionary products get their color, texture, flavor, taste because of sugar.

Around the world with food technology

 DouxMatok a food technology company has successfully re-engineered a sugar reduction solution, where they enable a 30% reduction in sugar and salt while retaining the same sugar experience with low calorific value. They coat sugar with inert particles that carry them directly to the sweet receptors in the tongue. ( This is written to provide information to the readers ) Courtesy: Company’s official site.

Antioxidants for health

Dark chocolate is rich in antioxidants that prevent oxidative stress and also improve HDL or good cholesterol that will help you maintain good health.

Darker the chocolate you eat the healthier you are 

During the lockdown, I know it is difficult to go and buy, so I am giving my readers a homemade chocolate recipe.

6 Tablespoons of cocoa powder, 

3 Tablespoons of honey 

1 Tablespoon of milk powder 

3 Tablespoons of coconut or olive oil 

Add Cocoa powder and milk powder together to the coconut oil and stir well to make a glossy mixture to this add honey or any sweetener of your choice and cook for about six minutes in low flame. Once the mixture warms, pour into your mold and leave it in your freezer for about 3 hours.  

Cane sugar technology for life 

The sugar cane juice becomes sugar and undergoes a phase change in the factory, it becomes a basic ingredient and performs various functions in different foods we eat. In the same way, different phases of life come with their unique responsibilities and make us better in some way or the other.

An interesting piece of information 

The M&Ms are a part of the standard menu in space, and they are called candy-coated chocolates by Nasa. They not only serve as food but also as entertainment. Astronauts often release a handful of M&Ms and then catch them with their mouths as the pieces float around

Captivating The Craft Of Baking

As we all know, it is a thermal process that uses an oven.

During baking, three basic processes happen.

  1. Expansion of the dough or Oven spring,

2. Drying of the surface,

 3. Crust browning.

Inside the oven, heat travels to the interior of the dough while moisture escapes to the surroundings.

There are two types of baked products

  1. Yeast-leavened
  2. Chemically leavened

Each and every ingredient in baking has a function to perform in the process of baking. The two parameters that are of prime significance are time and temperature.

The leavening agent in simple terms means a substance added to help the dough to rise during oven spring. 

Application :  Baking is the main process in the preparation of bread, buns, rolls, crackers, cakes, and cookies. Without baking, most of the interesting foods we enjoy are impossible.

Around the world with food technology                                                                                         

A new interesting combination of brownie and cookie called brookie is attracting people of recent times who love to have their brunch instead of breakfast and lunch. A Company in Los Angeles makes brookies that are famous and delicious.

Antioxidants for health

Blueberries are called the king of antioxidant foods because of the antioxidant compound called flavonoids present in them. Anthocyanin in blueberries are responsible for their color and their health benefits when consumed.

 I have an alternative to blueberries you can add beetroot to your plate and ensure that you are having a meal filled with antioxidants. YOUR IMMUNITY IS DIRECTLY PROPORTIONAL TO ANTIOXIDANTS YOU CONSUME.

Get hold of colourful vegetables.

Baking for life

There can be so many things in life that can give you pain and pull you down. You should make hope your natural leavening agent and rise like the cake that adds happiness to your life.

An interesting piece of information  

Food Scientists at the defence food research laboratory Mysore have made biryani available to our soldiers on the Siachen Glacier.  This biryani has a Shelf life of up to one year.

Begin with A for Aseptic processing

A for Aseptic processing

Thermally sterilized food products are packaged into previously sterilized (hot steam/dry heat destroys harmful microbes) containers under sterile(free from bacteria and other organisms) condition that results in shelf-stable food products that do not require refrigeration.

Application:

  1. Packaging of pre-sterilized and sterile products e.g Milk and dairy products, puddings, fruits, and vegetables.

2. packaging of non-sterile products to prevent infection e.g Fermented dairy products

The institute of food technologists (IFT) has deemed aseptic packaging ‘the most significant food science innovation in the last 50 years’.

Around the world with food technology

The Tetra Pak meets the growing demand of consumers who want to enjoy dairy products, juices, nectars and even coconut water on the go. The high-temperature short-time process helps to retain the freshness, flavour, and quality of the food.

Coconut water in Tetra PrismaÂź Aseptic carton packages

Antioxidants  for health

Antioxidants are of great attraction in today’s world, or I can say the need of the hour because they are known as free-radical fighters. Now apart from washing hands, including antioxidants would help build our immune system and help us stay strong during these days of Corona lockdown. Curcumin in turmeric is a potent antioxidant that neutralizes the free radicals and also improves the activity of antioxidant enzymes in our body. Adding turmeric to your food is punching diseases with both your hands.

Get hold of the golden milk

Aseptic processing for life

Your environment is very important for you to stay positive. You should know to destroy self-doubt and negativity with the help of will power so that you can enjoy a long and happy life filled with bliss. 

An interesting piece of information

Airplane meal :  The science of food at a high altitude of about 40, OOO feet. Have you ever wondered about the prerequisites of preparing an airline meal? If you understand you will never complain so there you go

Experts say people lose about 30 per cent or even more of their taste for salt. As salt dehydrates our system they add other flavours to make up for it.

Flavour is taste, smell, temperature, mouth feel, and sound created while eating and aftertaste all put together. Two challenges come with making airplane meals.

  1. Low air pressure

2. Low air humidity

And drying out of the inner ear affects the taste and flavour perception. Food is precooked and reheated before consumption. Food scientists say Umami or savoury taste works best for airplane meals. Umami rich meals include mushroom, tomatoes, fish, seaweed, parmesan.

Airplane meal

A Slice of life with food technology

A short message for life from a food technology blogger

Aseptic processing, where thermally sterilized food products are packaged into previously sterilized containers under the sterile condition to kill any harmful microbes and produce shelf-stable products it tells a message that Your environment makes you happy and helps you live longer.

Baking where the dough expands in volume to be the flavourful cake or cookie, it tells a message to go out of your comfort zone to find your new upgraded and more acceptable version.


C
ane sugar processing where sugar cane juice is undergoing phase change to become the sweetener that it tells a message that every phase of life comes with a new set of responsibilities.


Drying where water removed results in the desired product tells a message that life is all about the perspective the sun that melts snow hardens clay.


Extrusion, where pressure applied to the dough, results in desired and kid-friendly shapes of extruded products making them attractive tell a message when you are under pressure make it a point that you come out like noodles and pasta that attracts everyone.


Fortification, where micronutrients are added to food to reduce dietary deficiencies, tells a message that we have to fill up the gaps in our skillset to move forward in life.


I will begin my food technology series with all the relevant processing technologies from my next post until then relish the message of life.

 Words for your soul

Courage is power!

Courage is strength!

 Courage is hope!

Courage is intuition!

Courage is a belief!

Courage isn’t the end of the game, but it is the spark of light that brightens the path of life and does not allow you to pause until you embrace the cause that is ingrained in your soul.

😊Fun and Learn with Food Technology

 

Today after a long time, as I get back to my blog, I would like to wish everyone a very happy New year. I want to write about something that the Pongal festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu will not be what it is, without it.
Wondering what it is all about?
Sugarcane.

 As the harvest festival of Tamil Nadu just got over. One can find new mud pots, freshly harvested turmeric, rice kernels, sugarcane. Cows and bulls with beautifully painted horns, Cow carriages filled with children traveling to villages around. A four day festival of thanksgiving.

Day-one symbolizes leaving old obstacles behind and progressing towards new beginnings with happiness and enthusiasm. Day-two we thank the Sun God for being the prime source of energy to all the living beings in the world. Day-three we thank the bulls and cows that are an integral part of the Farmer’s families and help them at work. Day-four the day of blessings and money as we call it this day is partly dedicated to blessings, and partly to watching new movies released. This time it is Super Star’s Darbar, so it is happiness doubled, a perfect feast for Rajini fans like me. Jallikattu-the bull embracing sport that marks the valor of the rural youth of Tamil Nadu adds an indispensable glory to this festival.

There is no better time to talk about this delightful drink. I would also like to share the happiest moment that repeats itself every year. After the Pongal Pooja and prayer at home, I and my brother cut sugarcane into small portions, sit together and enjoy it. We keep enjoying it until my mom says, enough. Hahaha! This time we have planned for a virtual Sugarcane eating competition through WhatsApp video call as we are miles apart.
How many of you like Sugarcane Juice?
Well, I am a big fan of it, there was a sugar cane juice shop in my college where I would stop to have my mango-flavored sugarcane juice every weekend, or whenever I happen to visit java green, at SRM. They were the most refreshing evenings of my life.

Let me start with the health aspect of Sugarcane juice

  • Sugarcane serves as a source of instant energy and packed with natural sugars, refreshes body and mind.
  • Folic acid helps in easier conception during gestation and prevents any neural birth defects in the fetus.
  •  Sugarcane juice is packed with calcium, Phosphorous and a whole lot of minerals which ensures healthy nails, teeth, bones and prevents tooth decay and bad breath. It cures febrile disorders in children and replenishes lost protein.
  • It Is the best-known juice to treat liver-related disorders and improves the functioning of the liver.
  • Potassium present in the cane juice help balances the ph of the stomach and aids in the secretion of digestive juice and acts as a digestive tonic.
  • Flavenoids in sugarcane prevent diseases due to free radicals.
  • Sugarcane juice has a low glycemic index and so it can be consumed in a considerably moderate amount to ensure good health.
  • Vitamin C in sugarcane juice helps cure soar throat.
  • Sugarcane juice helps in wound healing and strengthens body organs. It helps eliminate toxins from the body.
  • It helps weight loss by reducing bad cholesterol levels in the body and boosts immunity, improves muscle power and treats acidity as well.
  • See that you drink freshly prepared cane juice within half an hour post preparation. As it easily spoiled by microorganisms and does not consume more than two glasses of sugarcane juice in a day. 

Processing of sugar cane juice 

1. Reception

2.Peeling

3. Blanching

4.Pressing

5.filtration 

6. Centrifugation

7. treatment 

8. packaging

high-pressure processing 

High-pressure processing is a cold pasteurization technique by which products already sealed in its final package are introduced into a vessel and subjected to a high level of isostatic pressure transmitted by water. 

Pressures above 400 MPa (+ 4ÂșC to 10ÂșC) or ambient temperature inactivate the vegetative flora (bacteria, virus, yeasts, molds, and parasites) present in food, extending the products shelf life importantly and guarantee food safety.

High-Pressure Processing retains the sensory and nutritional properties of food, because of the absence of heat treatment, and maintains its original freshness throughout the shelf-life.

Hpp is discussed because some countries use high pressure processing for cane juice .

Don’t miss out  on sugarcane enjoy it stay happy and healthy go for this natural drink this pongal 



















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